The glittering jewel of Asia Minor, the
city gateway between continents that sits astride the most historic
water channel in the world. Istanbul, formerly Constantinople, has
been host to three great empires: The Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman.
Invaded, beseiged and conquered by countless armies and earthquakes,
Istanbul today, remains a city of sparkling domes and minarets,
beautiful palaces and modern shopping malls. A short walk from your
hotel door will lead to cobbled streets that lead back into history
or, into the very heart of a modern and cosmopolitan city that
separates Europe and Asia.
The capital of Turkey and situated in
the historic grasslands of central Anatolia. The city dates back
3,500 years to the Hittite Empire and contains the magnificent
mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatrk, the founder of the modern
Republic of Turkey.
Known as the Òpearl of the Turkish
MediterraneanÓ is dominated by a massive Seljuk fortress from the
13th century. It is a favourable tourist destination because of its
immaculate sandy beaches and good hotels.
One of the capitals of the Ottoman
Empire, Bursa is a booming industrial city today. Don't be put off
though, the city boasts many treelined avenues, parks and gardens
and beautiful surrounding countryside.
The small city with an immense history,
dating as far back as 1000 B.C. when it was given the name Niccaea
by a general of Alexander the Great. In 325 Constantine convened the
first Ecumenical Council here and Christians around the world
continue to adhere to this Nicean Creed.
The birthplace of Homer and the world
of classical literature. Today Üzmir is the main port in Western
Turkey with palm-trees lining every boulevard, modern shopping
centres and top-class hotels. A modern 20th century gateway to the
most important historical sites of Western Anatolia.
Situated in the heart of Cappadocia,
beneath the volcano that spewed out the lava millions of years ago
which produced the fantastic 'moonscape' of Fairy Chimneys, cones
The ideal holiday resort. A small town
of pretty buildings, sandy beaches and historical interest. The
modern town of today exists in perfect harmony with the ancient and
classical remains of the past.
The best preserved Roman theatre in the
world. Built in the 2nd century A.D., it is still used for dramatic
productions during the Antalya Festival in September.
Located 15km (9 miles) east of Antalya,
Perge boasts extensively early Hellenistic ruins including a well
Another site of spectacular ruins. Once
a remote mountain stronghold occupied by an Anatolian tribe who were
so fierce that even Alexander the Great was unable to displace them.
Recognized as one of the world's oldest
cities, and the place where Mevlana, the mystic poet of the 13th
century, founded the sect of the Whirling Dervishes.
Considered to be the riviera of Turkey
because of its spectacular location between the Taurus Mountains and
the sparkling Mediterranean. A brilliant jewel surrounded by
Termessus, Side, and Aspendos, the ancient cities of history and
An open museum containing some of the
best preserved monuments, temples and ruins in Turkey. In
Aphrodisias you can literally trip over history, chancing upon
classical sculptures half buried beside paths, hidden by wild
flowers in fields or lying in roadway ditches.
A moonscape of rock carved cities and
surrealistic shapes, where nature has scoured and sculpted the earth
into cones, capped pinnacles and fretted ravines. For a thousand
years, persecuted Christians dug secret underground cities and left
a remarkable legacy of Byzantine frescoes in hidden caves.
The Roman gateway to Byzantium and Asia Minor.
Founded as Hadrianopolis by the Emperor Hadrian in 125 A.D. it
served as a principle outpost of defense by the Byzantine Empire
until it was defeated by the Ottomans in 1363.
The site of the British /Australian and New Zealand
landing in April 1915 which ended nine months later in total failure
and horrendous loss of life.
Considered to be finest classical city in Turkey.
Although populated as long ago as the 12th century B.C., Ephesus
reached its historical zenith as the capital of the Roman province
The site of ancient Hierapolis and famous for its
invigorating spa where calcareous hot springs, falling tens of
meters, have created spectacular white terraces and basins.
The capital city of the ancient Kingdom of the
Lydians,where the minted coin was first invented at the end of 7th
Imagine what a classical city should look like and
you have imagined the real Pergamon. Perched upon a hill overlooking
the Bergama Plain, this exquisite city was once the cultural centre
of the Aegean during 200 B.C. The Pergamon Library once contained
over 200,000 books but achieved a unique place in history as the
birthplace of parchment, an early form of writing paper.
By the 6th century B.C. this antique city had become
one of the most formidable powers in the whole of Ionia, and the
home of a number of famous philosophers, including Thales, and
As one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League,
Priene was, with its symmetrical street plan, beautiful buildings
and public amenities, one of the most perfect cities of classical
Didyma was never a city but a sanctuary to the God
Apollo. Alexander the Great is thought to have visited this site and
legend has it that the spring of the oracle which had dried up under
Persian control began to flow once again.
Homer's Troy, and the site of King Priam's
Treasures. Probably the most famous city of classical times - who
doesn't know the story of the Trojan Horse. The city itself is
actually nine cities built over different eras and superimposed one
upon the other.